Biden Signs Relief Bill with Employment-related Provisions
March 11, 2021
American Rescue Plan Act Authorizes $1.9 Trillion in Federal Spending
On March 11, 2021, President Joe Biden signed into law the American Rescue Plan Act (ARPA), a $1.9 trillion relief bill containing financial benefits for individuals, businesses, state and local governments and more.
Measures of particular interest to employers and employees include the following:
- Subsidy for COBRA premiums. The subsidy covers 100% of an eligible individual’s COBRA premium from April 1 through Sept. 30, 2021. The subsidy is funded through refundable payroll tax credits, and is not available to individuals who voluntarily terminated employment or are eligible for another group health plan.
- Extension of employer tax credits for voluntary FFCRA leave. Tax credits for employers who choose to provide employees paid leave under the Families First Coronavirus Response Act (FFCRA) are extended through Sept. 30, 2021. Qualifying reasons for this voluntary FFCRA leave are expanded, and the new law adds 10 days of voluntary FFCRA paid sick leave for employees, beginning April 1.
- Extension of pandemic-related unemployment benefits. The $300 weekly benefits provided under pandemic-related unemployment programs are extended through Sept. 6, 2021. In addition, the first $10,200 of unemployment benefits are exempted from federal income tax for each spouse in households with under $150,000 in adjusted gross income.
- Expansion of subsidy for ACA premiums. The bill increases the dollar amount of, and expands eligibility for, subsidies for health insurance coverage purchased through the Affordable Care Act (ACA) Exchanges. These and other ACA affordability changes made by the bill will expire after two years.
- Increase in DCAP contribution limits. For calendar year 2021, the bill increases the annual contribution limit for a dependent care assistance program (DCAP) from $5,000 to $10,500 (and from $2,500 to $5,250 for married individuals filing taxes separately). Employers with DCAPs can retroactively amend their plans to incorporate this increase, if the amendment is adopted by the last day of the plan year in which it is effective and the plan operates consistently with the terms of the amendment until it is adopted.
- Extension and expansion of employee retention tax credit. The credit is extended through the end of 2021, and eligibility is expanded to cover some small start-ups and severely financially distressed employers.
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